The University of California, Irvine UCI, UC Irvine, or Irvine, is a public research university located in Irvine, California, United States, and one of the ten campuses in the University of California UC system. UC Irvine is regarded as a Public Ivy and offers 80 undergraduate degrees and 98 graduate and professional degrees. The university is chosen as having high research activity in the Carnegie category of Institutions of Higher Education, and in fiscal year 2013 had $348 million in research and development spendings as indicated by the National Science Foundation. UC Irvine became a member of the affiliation of American Universities in 1996, and is the youngest university to hold membership.
The university also administers the UC Irvine Medical Center, a big teaching hospital in Orange, and its affiliated health sciences system, the University of California, Irvine, Arboretum, and a part of the University of California Natural Reserve System. UC Irvine set up the 1st Earth System Science Department in the United States.
UCI was one of three new UC campuses established in the 1960s to accommodate growing enrollments across the UC system. A site in Orange County has been identified in 1959, and in the following year the Irvine Company sold the University of California 1,000 acres 400 ha of land for one dollar to set up the new campus. President Lyndon B. Johnson dedicated the campus in 1964.
The UC Irvine Anteaters compete in 18 men's and women's sports in the NCAA Division I as members of the Big West Conference and the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation. The Anteaters have won 28 national championships in nine different team sports, 64 Anteaters have won individual national championships, and 53 Anteaters competed in the Olympics.
The layout of the core campus resembles a rough circle with its center being Aldrich Park firstly called Central Park, lined up by the Ring Mall and buildings bordering the road. To more emphasize the layout, academic units are located relative to the center, wherein undergraduate schools are closer to the center than the graduate schools.
Aldrich Park is placed with over 11,120 trees there are over 24,000 trees on the complete campus, as well as 33 species of eucalyptus. Two ceremonial trees were placed in 1990, one for Arbor Day and the second for former chancellor Daniel Aldrich who had died that year. On the 1st anniversary of the September 11th tragedies, the chancellor placed a bay laurel tree in remembrance of the heroes and victims of the events of September 11, 2001. The tree itself was a gift from the UCI Staff Assembly. Aldrich Park is the site for Wayzgoose, a medieval student festival held yearly in conjunction with the Celebrate UCI open house. It also hosts many extracurricular actions.
Ring Mall is the major pedestrian road used by students and faculty to travel around the core campus. The road measures up to a perfect mile and totally encircles Aldrich Park. Most schools and libraries are lined up by this road with each of these schools having their own central plaza which also connects to the Aldrich Park.
Other regions of the university outside of the core campus like the School of Arts are connected by four pedestrian bridges. Beyond the core campus and the bridges, the layout of the campus is more suburban.
Irvine, California steadily ranks as the safest city in America. UCI is close to the beaches, mountains, and attractions of Southern California. Disneyland is roughly 20 minutes away by car. While the university is in Irvine, the campus is directly bounded by the city of Newport Beach and the community of Newport Coast. The western side of the campus borders the San Diego Creek and the San Joaquin Freshwater Marsh Reserve, through which Campus Drive connects UCI to the 405 freeway. The northern and eastern sides of UCI are bordering to Irvine correct, the eastern side of the campus is delineated by Bonita Canyon Road, which turns into Culver Drive at its northern terminus. California State path 73 marks UCI's southern boundary and separates the campus from Newport Beach.
The "North Campus" houses the buildings Management Department, the Faculty Research building, Central Receiving, Fleet Services, the Air Pollution Health Effects Laboratory, and many other functions. It is beside the UCI Arboretum, both the North Campus and the arboretum are located about one mile two km from the major campus.
William Pereira's original street layout for the region bordering the University had a wingnut shaped loop road as the major thoroughfare, which twice crossed the campus. but, the Irvine Company's development plans extended before it may be finished, and portions of California, Carlson, Harvard and Turtle Rock roads today constitute segments of what could have been the Loop Road.
in spite of the suburban environment, a range of wildlife inhabits the university's central park, open fields, and wetlands. The university is home to mountain lions, hawks, golden eagles, great blue herons, squirrels, opossums, peregrine falcons, rabbits, raccoons, owls, skunks, weasels, bats, and coyotes. The UCI Arboretum hosts a group of plants from California and Mediterranean climates around the globe. The rabbits in specific are many and may be seen across campus in high numbers, particularly throughout hours of low student traffic.