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The University of California, Santa Barbara usually called UC Santa Barbara or UCSB is a public research university and one of the ten campuses of the University of California system. The major campus is on a 1,022-acre 414 ha site near Goleta, California, United States, eight miles 13 km from Santa Barbara and 100 miles 160 km northwest of Los Angeles. Tracing its roots back to 1891 as an independent teachers' college, UCSB joined the University of California system in 1944 and is the third oldest general education campus in the system. UCSB is one of America's Public Ivy universities, which recognizes top public research universities in the United States. The university is a complete doctoral university and is organized into five colleges and schools offering 87 undergraduate degrees and 55 graduate degrees. UCSB has been ranked 37th among "National Universities", eighth among U.S. Public universities and 24th among Best world Universities by U.S. News & World Report 's 2016 rankings. The university was ranked 48th global for 2016-17 by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings and 42nd global by the Academic Ranking of World Universities in 2016. UC Santa Barbara is a "very high activity" research university with 12 national research centers, as well as the renowned Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics. Current UCSB faculty will include six Nobel Prize laureates, one Fields Medalist, 39 members of the National Academy of Sciences, 27 members of the National Academy of Engineering, and 34 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. UCSB was the No. Three host on the ARPAnet and has been elected to the affiliation of American Universities in 1995. The UC Santa Barbara Gauchos compete in the Big West Conference of the NCAA Division I. The Gauchos have won NCAA national championships in men's soccer and men's water polo. UCSB traces its origin back to the Anna Blake School which has been founded in 1891 and offered training in home economics and industrial arts. The Anna Blake School was taken over by the state in 1909 and became the Santa Barbara State Normal School, which then became the Santa Barbara State College in 1921. In 1944 acute lobbying by an interest group in the City of Santa Barbara led by Thomas Storke and Pearl Chase persuaded the State Legislature, Governor Earl Warren, and the Regents of the University of California to move the State College over to the more research oriented University of California system. The State College system sued to stop the takeover, but the Governor didn't support the suit. A state initiative has been passed, but, in 1946 to stop successive conversions of State Colleges to University of California campuses. From 1944 to 1958 the school was called Santa Barbara College of the University of California, before taking on its current name. When the vacated Marine Corps training station in Goleta was bought for the quickly growing college, Santa Barbara City College moved into the vacated State College buildings. Originally, the Regents envisioned a small, some number of thousand student liberal arts college, a so called "Williams College of the West", at Santa Barbara. Chronologically, UCSB is the 3rd general education campus of the University of California, after Berkeley and UCLA the only other state campus to have been assumed by the UC system. The original campus the Regents assumed in Santa Barbara has been located on only 100 acres 40 ha of mainly unusable land on a seaside mesa. The availability of a 400-acre 160 ha part of the land used as Marine Corps Air Station Santa Barbara till 1946 on another seaside mesa in Goleta, which the Regents could get free of charge from the federal government, led to that site becoming the Santa Barbara campus in 1949. first, only 30003500 students were anticipated, but the post WWII baby boom led to the designation of general campus in 1958, with a name change from "Santa Barbara College" to "University of California, Santa Barbara," and the discontinuation of the industrial arts program for which the State college was famous. A Chancellor, Samuel B. Gould, has been appointed in 1959. All of this change was done in accordance with the California Master Plan for Higher Education. In 1959, UCSB professor Douwe Stuurman hosted the English writer Aldous Huxley as the university's 1st visiting professor. Huxley delivered a lectures series called "The Human Situation". In the late 1960s and early 1970s UCSB became nationally called a hotbed of anti Vietnam War activity. A bombing at the school's faculty club in 1969 killed the caretaker, Dover Sharp. In the spring 1970 many instances of arson occurred, as well as a burning of the Bank of America branch building in the student community of Isla Vista, throughout which time one male student, Kevin Moran, was shot and killed by police. UCSB's anti Vietnam activity impelled then Governor Ronald Reagan to force a curfew and order the National Guard to enforce it. Weapon carrying guardsmen were a common sight on campus and in Isla Vista throughout this time. In 1995, UCSB has been elected to the affiliation of American Universities, an organization of leading research universities, with a membership composed of 59 universities in the United States both public and private and two universities in Canada. On May 23, 2014, a killing spree occurred in Isla Vista, California, a community in close closeness of the campus. All six people killed throughout the rampage were students at UCSB. The murderer was a former Santa Barbara City College student who lived in Isla Vista. UCSB is on cliffs directly above the Pacific Ocean. UCSB's campus is totally autonomous from local government and hasn't been annexed by the city of Santa Barbara and isn't part of the city. While it seems closer to the recently made city of Goleta, a parcel of the City of Santa Barbara that forms a strip of "city" through the ocean to the Santa Barbara airport, runs through the west entrance to the university campus. though UCSB has a Santa Barbara mailing address, as do other unincorporated regions around the city, only this entry parcel is in the Santa Barbara city limitations. The campus is divided into four parts: major East Campus 708 acres 287 ha that houses all academic units plus the most of undergraduate housing, Storke Campus, West Campus and North Campus. The campuses surround the unincorporated community of Isla Vista. UCSB is one of some universities in the United States with own beach. The campus, bordered on three sides by the Pacific Ocean, has miles of coastline, own lagoon, and the rocky extension, Goleta Point, which is aka "Campus Point". The campus has many walking and bicycle paths across campus, around the lagoon and along the beach. It owns and manages Coal Oil Point nature preserve on the West Campus. Most of the campus's early architecture was intended by famed architect William Pereira and his partner Charles Luckman, and made heavy use of custom tinted and patterned concrete block. This design element has been carried over into many of the school's successive buildings. The Lagoon is a big body of water bordering to the coastline, between San Rafael and San Miguel Residence Halls. It was produced from a former tidal salt marsh flat and is fed by a mix of run off and ocean water used by the Marine Science Building's aquatic life tanks, , it's a distinctive mix of new and salt water. Many of the older campus buildings are replaced with newer, more modern buildings. The UCSB Libraries, composed of the Davidson Library and the Arts Library, hold more than three million bound volumes and millions of microforms, government papers, manuscripts, maps, satellite and aerial pictures, sound recordings, and other materials. Situated at the center of campus, the UCSB Library will break ground on a important addition and renovation project in June 2013. Campbell Hall is the university's biggest lecture hall with 862 seats. it's also the major venue for the UCSB Arts and Lectures series, which presents special performances, films, and lectures for the UCSB campus and Santa Barbara community. Storke Tower, finished in 1969, is the tallest building in Santa Barbara County. It may be seen from most places on campus, and it overlooks Storke Plaza. it's home to a five octave, 61-bell carillon. KCSB 91.9 and the Daily Nexus have headquarters under Storke Tower. The UCSB Family Vacation Center founded in 1969, is a summer family camp located on campus that draws over 2,000 guests each summer. The staff of over 50 will include many UCSB students who have been greatly trained as camp counselors.