The University of California, San Diego also called UC San Diego or UCSD is a public research university located in the La Jolla neighborhood of San Diego, California, in the United States. The university occupies 2,141 acres ha near the coast of the Pacific Ocean with the major campus resting on roughly 1,152 acres 466 ha. Established in 1960 near the pre existing Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego is the 7th oldest of the ten University of California campuses and offers over 200 undergraduate and graduate degree programs, enrolling about 22,700 undergraduate and 6,300 graduate students.
UC San Diego is organized into six undergraduate residential colleges Revelle, Muir, Marshall, Warren, Roosevelt, and 6th, three graduate schools Jacobs School of Engineering, Rady School of Management and School of world Policy and approach, and two professional medical schools UC San Diego School of Medicine and Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. UC San Diego is home to Scripps Institution of Oceanography, one of the 1st centers dedicated to ocean, earth and atmospheric science research and education. UC San Diego Health, the regions only academic health system, gives patient care, conducts medical research and educates future health care professionals.
The university operates 19 organized research units ORUs, as well as the Qualcomm Institute a branch of the California Institute for Telecommunications and info Technology, San Diego Supercomputer Center and the Kavli Institute for Brain and Mind, also as eight School of Medicine research units, six research centers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography and two multi campus plans, as well as the Institute on world clash and Cooperation. UC San Diego is closely affiliated with some number of regional research centers, like the Salk Institute, the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical finding Institute, the Sanford Consortium for Regenerative Medicine, and the Scripps Research Institute. as indicated by the National Science Foundation, UC San Diego spent $1.067 billion on research and development in fiscal year 2015, ranking it sixth in the nation.
UC San Diego faculty, researchers, and alumni have won 20 Nobel Prizes, eight National Medals of Science, eight MacArthur Fellowships, two Pulitzer Prizes, and three Fields medals. also, of the current faculty, 29 have been elected to the National Academy of Engineering, 70 to the National Academy of Sciences, 45 to the Institute of Medicine and 110 to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Recognized as a Public Ivy, UC San Diego is a greatly regarded research institution, ranked 14th in the world by the Academic Ranking of World Universities, 15th in U.S. News & World Report 's 2017 world university rankings, 17th in the world by the Center for World University Rankings, 39th in the world by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, and 40th in general in the world by QS World University Rankings. UC San Diego is ranked nineth among public universities and 38th among all universities in the United States as indicated by U.S. News & World Report.
When the Regents of the University of California first authorized the San Diego campus in 1956, it has been planned to be a graduate and research institution, instruction in the sciences, mathematics, and engineering. Local citizens supported the idea, voting the same year to move to the university 59 acres 24 ha of mesa land on the coast near the preexisting Scripps Institution of Oceanography. The Regents requested an extra gift of 550 acres 220 ha of undeveloped mesa land northeast of Scripps, also as 500 acres 200 ha on the former site of Camp Matthews from the federal government, but Roger Revelle, then director of Scripps Institution and major advocate for establishing the new campus, jeopardized the site selection by exposing the La Jolla community's exclusive real estate business practices, which were antagonistic to minority racial and religious groups. This outraged local conservatives, also as Regent Edwin W. Pauley. UC President Clark Kerr pleased San Diego city donors by changing the proposed name from University of California, La Jolla, to University of California, San Diego. The city voted in agreement to its part in 1958, and the UC accepted construction of the new campus in 1960. due to clash with Pauley, Revelle wasn't made chancellor. Herbert York, 1st director of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, was chosen instead. York planned the major campus as indicated by the "Oxbridge" model, relying on many of Revelle's ideas.
UC San Diego was the 1st general campus of the University of California to be intended "from the top down" by research stress. Local leaders disagreed on if the new school should be a technical research institute or a more broadly established school that included undergraduates also. John Jay Hopkins of General Dynamics company guaranteed one million dollars for the former while the City Council offered free land for the latter. The original authorization for the San Diego campus given by the UC Regents in 1956 accepted a "graduate program in science and technology" that included undergraduate programs, a agreement that won both the support of General Dynamics and the city voters' approval. Nobel laureate Harold Urey, a physicist from the University of Chicago, and Hans Suess, who had published the 1st paper on the greenhouse effect with Revelle in the last year, were early recruits to the faculty in 1958. Maria Goeppert Mayer, afterward the second female Nobel laureate in physics, has been appointed professor of physics in 1960. The graduate division of the school opened in 1960 with 20 faculty in residence, with instruction offered in the fields of physics, biology, chemistry, and earth science. Before the major campus finished construction, classes were held in the Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
By 1963, new buildings on the mesa had been finished for the School of Science and Engineering, and new buildings were under construction for Social Sciences and Humanities. Ten extra faculty in those disciplines were hired, and the whole site was chosen the 1st College, afterward renamed after Roger Revelle, of the new campus. York left the position as chancellor that year and has been replaced by John Semple Galbraith. The undergraduate program accepted its 1st class of 181 freshman at Revelle College in 1964. Second College has been founded in 1964, on the land deeded by the federal government, and named after environmentalist John Muir two years afterward. The School of Medicine also accepted its 1st students in 1966.
Political theorist Herbert Marcuse joined the faculty in 1965. A champion of the New Left, he apparently was the 1st protestor to occupy the governance building in a demonstration organized by his student, political activist Angela Davis. The American Legion offered to purchase out the remainder of Marcuse's contract for $20,000, the Regents censured Chancellor McGill for defending Marcuse on the base of academic freedom, but more action has been averted after local leaders expressed support for Marcuse. more student unrest was felt at the university, as the United States increased its involvement in the Vietnam War throughout the early 1960s, when a student raised a Viet Minh flag over the campus. Protests escalated as the war continued and were only exacerbated after the National Guard fired on student protesters at Kent State University in 1970. Over 200 students occupied Urey Hall, with one student setting himself on fire in protest of the war.
Early research activity and faculty quality, notably in the sciences, was integral to shaping the concentrate and culture of the university. before UC San Diego had own campus, faculty recruits had made important research breakthroughs, like the Keeling Curve, a graph that plots quickly rising carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere and was the 1st important evidence for world weather change, the KohnSham equations, used to investigate specific atoms and molecules in quantum chemistry, and the MillerUrey experiment, which gave birth to the field of prebiotic chemistry. Engineering, especially computer science, became an important part of the university's academics as it matured. University researchers helped develop UCSD Pascal, an early machine independent programming language that afterward heavily influenced Java, the National Science Foundation Network, a precursor to the Internet, and the Network News move Protocol throughout the late 1970s to 1980s. In economics, the techniques for examining economic time series with time varying volatility ARCH, and with common trends cointegration were worked on. UC San Diego maintained its research acute character after its founding, racking up 20 Nobel Laureates affiliated inside 50 years of history, a rate of four per decade.
Under Richard C. Atkinson's management as chancellor from 1980 to 1995, the university strengthened its ties with the city of San Diego by encouraging technology move with developing businesses, transforming San Diego into a world leader in technology based industries. He oversaw a fast expansion of the School of Engineering, afterward renamed after Qualcomm founder Irwin M. Jacobs, with the construction of the San Diego Supercomputer Center and establishment of the computer science, electrical engineering, and bioengineering departments. Private donations increased from $15 million to almost $50 million annually, faculty extended by almost 50, and enrollment doubled to about 18,000 students throughout his governance. By the end of his chancellorship, the quality of UC San Diego graduate programs has been ranked tenth in the nation by the National Research Council.
The university continued to undergo more expansion throughout the 1st decade of the new millennium with the establishment and construction of two new professional schools the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Rady School of Managementand the California Institute for Telecommunications and info Technology, a research institute run jointly with UC Irvine. UC San Diego also reached two financial milestones throughout this time, becoming the 1st university in the western region to increase over $1 billion in its eight year fundraising campaign in 2007 and also getting an extra $1 billion through research contracts and fundings in a single fiscal year for the 1st time in 2010. in spite of this, caused by the California budget crisis, the university loaned $40 million against own assets in 2009 to offshoot a important reduction in state educational appropriations. The salary of Pradeep Khosla, who became chancellor in 2012, was the subject of controversy amidst continued budget cuts and tuition increases.