The University of California UC is a public university system in the U.S. State of California. Under the California Master Plan for Higher Education, the University of California is a part of the state's three system public higher education plan, which also include the California State University system and the California Community Colleges System.
Ruled by a semi autonomous Board of Regents, the University of California has ten campuses, a joint student body of 251,700 students, 21,200 faculty members, 144,000 staff members and over 1.86 million living alumni as of October 2016.2
The University of California has been founded in 1868 and operated temporarily
in Oakland till opening its 1st campus in Berkeley in 1873. Its 10th and newest campus in Merced opened in fall 2005. Nine campuses enroll both undergraduate and graduate students, one campus, UC San Francisco, enrolls only graduate and professional students in the medical and health sciences. also, the UC Hastings College of Law, located in San Francisco, is legally affiliated with UC, but other than sharing its name is completely autonomous from the rest of the system.
The University of California's campuses have big numbers of distinguished faculty in nearly every academic discipline and it's widely regarded as one of the top university systems in the world. As of 2016, UC faculty and researchers have won 62 Nobel Prizes.4 UC campuses are perennially ranked greatly by different publications. Most notably, seven UC campuses rank in the top 50 Universities global by U.S. News & World Report with UC Berkeley, UCLA and UC San Diego in that order ranked fourth, tenth, and 15th. Internationally, UC Berkeley, UCLA, and UC San Diego are in that order ranked third, 12th, and 14th global by Academic Ranking of World Universities.
Before 1986, students who wanted to apply to UC for undergraduate study could only apply to one campus. Students who were rejected at that campus that otherwise met the UC minimum qualification prerequisites were redirected to another campus with available space. Students who did not want to be redirected were refunded their application fees. In 1986, that system changed to the current "multiple filing" system, in which students can apply to as many or as not many UC campuses as they want on one application, paying a fee for each campus. This considerably increased the number of applications to the Berkeley and Los Angeles campuses, since students could decide a campus to go to after they received acceptance letters, without fear of being redirected to a campus they didn't want to go to.
The University of California accepts completely qualified students from among the top one eighth 1/8 of California public high school graduates through regular statewide admission, or the top 9 of any given high school class through qualification in the Local perspective see below . All qualified California high school students who apply are accepted to the University, although not essentially to the campus of choice.Eligible students who aren't accepted to the campus es of their choice are placed in the "referral pool", where campuses with open space may offer admission to those students, in 2003, 10 of students who received an offer through this referral procedure accepted it. In 2007, about 4,100 UC eligible students who weren't offered admission to their campus of choice were referred to UCR and UC Merced, the system's newest campus.74 In 2015, all UC eligible students rejected by their campus of choice were redirected to UC Merced, which is the only campus that has space for all qualified applicants.
The old undergraduate admissions were conducted on a two phase base. In the 1st phase, students were admitted established Exclusively on academic achievement. This accounted for between 50 and 75 of the admissions. In the second phase, the university conducted a "comprehensive review" of the student's accomplishments, as well as extracurricular actions, essay, family history, and life challenges, to admit the remainder. Students who didn't meet the criteria for regular admission were "admitted by exception", in 2002, roughly 2 of newly admitted undergraduates were admitted by exemption.
The procedure for determining admissions differs. At some campuses, like Santa Barbara and Santa Cruz, a point system can be used to weight grade point average, SAT Reasoning or ACT scores, and SAT Subject scores, while at San Diego, Berkeley, and Los Angeles, academic achievement is examined in the perspective of the school and the bordering community, called a natural review.